Reports, Publications and Plans



RRCC Documents

Annual Reports

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2014. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Charlie Elliot Wildlife Center, Mansfield, GA. October 21-23, 2014.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2013. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Charlie Elliot Wildlife Center, Mansfield, GA. October 1-3, 2013.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2012. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Morrow Mountain State Park, Albemarle, North Carolina. October 8-10, 2012.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2011. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Morrow Mountain State Park, Albemarle, North Carolina. October 3-5, 2011.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2010. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko and A. Lawrence. Web Wildlife Management Area, Garnett, SC. September 7 9, 2010.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2009. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Web Wildlife Management Area, Garnett, SC. September 14 16, 2009.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2008. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Camp Harrison at Herring Ridge, Boomer, North Carolina. October 20 22, 2008./a>

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2007. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Hickory Knob State Park, McCormick, SC. September 24 – 25, 2007.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2006. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Hickory Knob State Park, McCormick, SC. October 16 – 18, 2006.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2005. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Hickory Knob State Park, McCormick, SC. October 19 20, 2005.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2004. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by B. Dakin. Hickory Knob State Park, McCormick, SC. October 13 14, 2004.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2003. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Compiled by J. Zelko. Hickory Knob State Park, McCormick, SC. October 14 16, 2003.

DeMeo, T. 2001. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. October 3 - 5, 2001. South Carolina Aquarium, Charleston, SC.

DeMeo, T. 2000. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center, Mansfield, GA.

DeMeo, T. 1999. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center, Mansfield, GA.

DeMeo, T. 1998. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Wildlife Resources Division, Social Circle, GA.

DeMeo, T. 1997. Report of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Wildlife Resources Division, Social Circle, GA.

Evans, J.W. 1996. Meeting Summary of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Wildlife Resources Division, Social Circle, GA

Evans, J.W. 1995. Meeting Summary of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Annual Meeting. Wildlife Resources Division, Social Circle, GA.

Plans and Policy

Dodd, A. R. 2014 and 2015. Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2013. Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2013. Memorandum of Understanding to establish Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Oconee River Technical Working Group. 2010. Management Plan for the Oconee River Robust Redhorse Population.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2010 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2009. Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2007-2008 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Nichols, M.C. 2006 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee Habitat Technical Working Group. 2006. Habitat Restoration Management Plan.

Nichols, M.C. 2005 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Nichols, M.C. 2004 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Nichols, M.C. 2003. Conservation strategy for robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum).  Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee.

Nichols, M.C. 2003 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Candidate Conservation Agreement With Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Agreement #1448-40181-01-K-005, 2002.

Nichols, M.C. 2002 Progress Report: Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. 2002. Policies of the Robust Redhorse Conservation Committee. Adopted October 18, 2002.

 



Research Reports


Dodd, A. R. 2015. Conservation and restoration of the Robust Redhorse Moxostoma robustum in the Oconee River, Georgia, Volume 10. Prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Washington, DC.

Wetland and Ecological Consultants, LLC. 2014. Conservation and restoration of the Robust Redhorse Moxostoma robustum in the Oconee River, Georgia, Volume 9. Prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Washington, DC.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2013. Conservation and restoration of the Robust Redhorse Moxostoma robustum in the Oconee River, Georgia, Volume 8. Prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Washington, DC.

Ely, P.C. and S.P. Zimpfer. 2013. Spawning location, size structure, and year-class strength of Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum in the Ogeechee River, Georgia. Final report prepared for the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Georgia Aquarium, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Straight, C.A. and B.J. Freeman. 2013. Status and assessment of Robust Redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) in the Broad River System, Georgia. Final report prepared for the Georgia Department of Natural Resources.

Ely, P. C. 2012. Movement patterns, habitat use, and home range of adult robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum released into the Oconee River, Georgia. Prepared for the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Georgia Power Company, and United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2011. Conservation and restoration of the robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum in the Oconee River, Georgia, Volume 7. Prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Washington, DC.

Peterson, R.C., C.A. Jennings, J.L. Shelton, Jr., J. Zelko, and J. Evans. 2008. Ecological studies of larval and juvenile robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum: abundance and distribution in the Oconee River, Georgia. Prepared for Georgia Power Company, Atlanta, GA.

Slaughter, IV, J. E. 2008. Conservation and restoration of the robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum in the Oconee River, Georgia, Volume 6. Prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Washington, DC.

Abney, M.A. 2006. The Conservation and Restoration of the Robust Redhorse Moxostoma robustum, Volume 5, Report to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared by the Georgia Power Company, Environmental Laboratory, Smyrna, Georgia.

Jennings, C.A., J.L. Shelton, R.C. Peterson, D.C. Shepard, and J. Zelko. 2006. Culture techniques and ecological studies of the robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum: Distribution and abundance of wild-caught larval robust redhorse in the Oconee River, GA and evaluations of methods for radio-tagging juveniles and adults. Prepared for Georgia Power Company, Atlanta, GA.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Working Together: Tools for Helping Imperiled Wildlife on Private Lands. “Robust Redhorse Conservation and the Georgia Power Company.” pp 14-15.

Abney, M.A. 2004. The Conservation and Restoration of the Robust Redhorse Moxostoma robustum, Volume 4, Report to the Federal Regulatory Commission prepared by the Georgia Power Company, Environmental Laboratory, Atlanta, Georgia.

Jennings, C.A., J.L. Shelton, Jr., E.W. Dilts, and G.L. Looney. 2004. Culture techniques and ecological studies of the robust redhorse, Moxostoma robustum: assessment of reproductive and recruitment success, and percent fine sediment of hatching success. 1998 Annual Report to Georgia Power Company, Atlanta, Georgia.

Jennings, C. A. and D. C. Shepard. 2003. Movement and habitat use of hatchery-reared juvenile robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum released in the Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Final Project Report.

Freeman B.J., C.A. Straight, J.R. Knight, and C.M. Storey. 2002. Evaluation of robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) introduction into the Broad River, GA spanning years 1995 - 2001. Submitted to the Georgia Department of Natural Resources.

Hendricks, A.S. 2002. The conservation and restoration of the robust redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Volume 3. Report to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared by the Georgia Power Company, Environmental Laboratory. Atlanta, GA.

Wirgin, I. 2002. Stock structure and genetic diversity in the robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) from Atlanta slope rivers. Report to Electric Power Research Institute, Duke Power Company and Carolina Power and Light.

Freeman, B.J. and M. C. Freeman. 2001. Criteria for suitable spawning habitat for the robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum. A report to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Lasier, P. J., P.V. Winger, J.L. Shelton, and K.J. Bogenrieder. 2001. Contaminant impacts to early life stages of the robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) in the Lower Oconee River. Submitted to Species at Risk Program, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey.

Hendricks, A.S. 2000. The conservation and restoration of the robust redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Volume 2. Report to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared by the Georgia Power Company, Environmental Laboratory. Atlanta, GA.

Jennings, C.A., B.J. Jess, J. Hilterman, and G.L. Looney. 2000. Population dynamics of robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) in the Oconee River, Georgia. Final Project Report - Research Work Order No. 52. Prepared for the U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division. Reston, Virginia.

Hendricks, A.S. 1998. The conservation and restoration of the robust redhorse, Moxostoma robustum, Volume 1. Report to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared by Georgia Power Company, Environmental Laboratory. Atlanta, GA.

Freeman, B.J., B. Gregory, and D. Walters. 1998. Ecological studies of the robust redhorse: substrate stability, spawning behavior and surveys for additional populations. Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Draft report to Georgia Power Company.

Jennings, C.A., J.L. Shelton, Jr., and G.L. Looney. 1998. 1996 Annual Report: culture techniques and ecological studies of the robust redhorse, Moxostoma robustum: assessment of reproductive and recruitment success and incubation temperatures and flows. Report to Georgia Power Co., Environmental Affairs Division. Atlanta, GA.

Wirgin, I. 1998. Stock structure and genetic diversity in the robust redhorse from the Oconee River. Progress report to the Electric Power Research Institute, August 1, 1997 - July 31, 1998.

Jennings, C.A., J.L. Shelton, Jr., B.J. Freeman, and G.L. Looney. 1996. 1995 Annual Report: culture techniques and ecological studies of the Robust Redhorse, Moxostoma robustum. Report to Georgia Power Co., Environmental Affairs Division. Atlanta, GA.

EA Engineering Science and Technology. 1994. Sinclair Hydroelectric Project Relicensing Technical Studies (FERC Project No. 1951): Robust redhorse report. Final report to Georgia Power Company.

Evans, J. W. 1994. A fisheries survey of the Oconee River between Sinclair Dam and Dublin, Georgia. Georgia Department of Natural Resources. Wildlife Resources Division, Social Circle, Georgia. 160 pp.



Published Literature

Journal Articles


Fisk, J.M. II, T.J. Kwak, and R.J. Heise. 2015. Effects of regulated river flows on habitat suitability for the Robust Redhorse. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 144: 792-806.

Darden, T. L. and C. M. Tarpey. 2014. Genetic characterization of the Savannah and Pee Dee river populations of Robust Redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) with conservation implications. Copeia 2014: 70-78.

Fisk, J.M., T.J. Kwak, and R.J. Heise. 2014. Modelling riverine habitat for Robust Redhorse: assessment for reintroduction of an imperilled species. Fisheries Management and Ecology 21: 57-67.

Fisk, J.M. II, T.J. Kwak, R.J. Heise, and F.W. Sessions. 2013. Redd dewatering effects on hatching and larval survival of the robust redhorse. River Research and Applications 29: 574-581.

Jennings, C.A., E.W. Dilts, J.L. Shelton Jr., and R.C. Peterson. 2010. Fine sediment affects on survival to emergence of robust redhorse. Environmental Biology of Fishes 87:43–53.

Grabowski TB, TD Ferguson, JT Peterson & CA Jennings. 2009. Capture probability and response of the robust redhorse, a cryptic riverine fish, to electrofishing. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:721-729.

Grabowski TB & CA Jennings. 2009. Radio-tagged “guide fish”: a method for uncovering information about rare or cryptic fishes. Fisheries Management and Ecology 16:68-71.

Grabowski TB & CA Jennings. 2009. Post-release movements and habitat use of robust redhorse transplanted to the Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 19:170-177.

Grabowski TB & JJ Isely. 2008. Size of spawning population, residence time, and territory shifts of individuals in the spawning aggregation of a riverine catostomid. Southeastern Naturalist 7:475-482.

Grabowski TB, NL Ratterman & JJ Isely. 2008. Demographics of the spawning aggregations of four catostomid species in the Savannah River, South Carolina and Georgia. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 17:318-327.

Mosley DL, & Jennings, CA. 2007. Flow Preferences for Juvenile Robust Redhorses in an Experimental Mesocosm: Implications for Developing Sampling Protocols. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27:1383–1392.

Grabowski TB, & JJ Isely. 2007. Effects of flow fluctuations on riverine fish spawning habitat. Southeastern Naturalist 6:471-478.

Grabowski TB & JJ Isely. 2007. Spatial and temporal segregation of spawning habitat by catostomids in the Savannah River, Georgia and South Carolina, U.S.A. Journal of Fish Biology 70:782-798.

Grabowski, T. B. and J. J. Isely. 2006. Seasonal and diel movements and habitat use of robust redhorses in the Lower Savannah River, Georgia and South Carolina. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135(5):1145-1155.

Cooke, S. J., C. M. Bunt, S. J. Hamilton, C. A. Jennings, M. P. Pearson, M. S. Cooperman, and D. F. Markle. 2005. Threats, conservation strategies, and prognosis for suckers (Catostomidae) in North America: insights from regional case studies of a diverse family of non-game fishes. Biological Conservation 121:317-331.

Grabowski, T. B. and J. J. Isely. 2005. Use of Prepositioned Grid Electrofishers for the Collection of Robust Redhorse Broodstock. North American Journal of Aquaculture 67 (2):89-92.

Fiumera, A. C., B. A. Porter, G. Looney, M. A. Asmussen, and J. C. Avise. 2004. Maximizing offspring production while maintaining genetic diversity in supplemental breeding programs of highly fecund managed species. Conservation Biology 18:94-101.

Looney, G.L. and C.A. Jennings. 2004. Description of larval and juvenile robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum). Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 23: 1-8.

Wirgin, I., D. D. Currie, J. Stabile, and C. A. Jennings. 2004. Development and Use of a Simple DNA Test to Distinguish Larval Redhorse Species in the Oconee River, Georgia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24 (1):293-298.

Weyers, R. S., C. A. Jennings, and M. C. Freeman. 2003. Effects of pulsed, high-velocity water flow on larval robust redhorse and v-lip redhorse. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132(1):84-91.

Wirgin, I., T. Oppermann, and J. Stabile. 2001. Genetic divergence of robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum (Cypriniformes Castostomidae) from the Oconee River and the Savannah River based on mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. Copeia. Pages 526-530.

Ruetz, C. R. III and C. A. Jennings. 2000. Swimming performance of larval robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum and low-velocity habitat modeling in the Oconee River, GA. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129(2):398-407.

Warren, M.L., B. M. Burr, S. J. Walsh, H. L. Bart, R. C. Cashner, D. A. Etnier, B. J. Freeman, B. R. Kuhajda, R. L. Mayden, H. W. Robison, S. T. Ross, and W. C. Starnes. 2000. Diveristy, Distribution, and Conservation Status of the Native Freshwater Fishes of the Southern United States. Fisheries 25(10):7-31.

Higginbotham, D.L. and C.A. Jennings. 1999. Growth and survival of juvenile robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum fed three different commercial feeds. North American Journal of Aquaculture. 61:167-171.

Walsh, S. J., D. C. Haney, C. M. Timmerman, and R. M. Dorazio. 1998. Physiological tolerances of juvenile robust redhorse, Moxostoma robustum: conservation implications for an imperiled species. Environmental Biology of Fishes 51:429-444.

Proceedings


Evans, J.W. 2004. Recovering the Robust Redhorse. Page 6 in Christine Olsenius, editor. Return of the natives: reclaiming biodiversity for a world class region. Southeast Watershed Forum, Inc. Nashville, TN.

DeMeo, T.A. 2001. The dammed and the wild: conservation partnerships for fish and rivers. Proceedings of the American Zoological and Aquaria Association National Conference, St. Louis, MO.

Looney, G.L., T.A. Barrett, and J. L. Shelton, Jr. 1999. Hormone induced ovulation of robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum). Proceedings of Aquaculture America '99. U.S. Chapter. World Aquaculture Society.

Wayman, W.R., G.L. Looney, and T.R. Tiersch. 1999. Refrigerated storage and cryoperservation of sperm of the robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum). Proceedings of Aquaculture America '99. U.S. Chapter. World Aquaculture Society.

Looney, G.L., T.A. Barrett, and J.L. Shelton, Jr. 1998. Hormone induced ovulation of robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum). Proceedings of the Mid-Year Meeting of the Southern Division-American Fisheries Society. Lexington, KY.

Evans, J.W. 1997. Developing stakeholder partnerships for the management of imperiled fish species: a case study. Pages 490-499 in Waterpower '97. Proceedings of the International Conference on Hydropower. American Society of Civil Engineers. New York, NY.

Walsh, S.J., D.C. Haney, C.M. Timmerman, and T.L. Yanchis. 1996. Physiological tolerances of juvenile robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum): Conservation and management implications. In Swanson, C., P.Young, and D. MacKinlay (eds). Applied environmental physiology of fishes symposium proceedings, International Congress on the Biology of Fishes, San Francisco State University, 14-18, July 1996.



Academic

 

Master's Thesis


Pruitt, W. A. 2013. Use of hierarchical occupancy models to estimate the seasonal distribution and habitat use of stocked Robust RedhorseMoxostoma robustum in the upper reaches of the Ocmulgee River, Georgia. Master of Science Thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Fisk J. M., II. 2010. Reproductive ecology and habitat use of the robust redhorse in the Pee Dee River, North Carolina and South Carolina. Master of Science Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Mosley, D. L. 2006. Habitat selection of robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum: implications for developing sampling protocols. MS Thesis - University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Weyers, R. S. 2000. Growth and survival of larval robust redhorse and silver redhorse (Catostomidae) exposed to pulsed, high-velocity water. Master of Science Thesis submitted to the University of Georgia. 47 pp.

Dilts, E.W. 1999. Effects of fine sediment and gravel quality on survival to emergence of larval robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum. M.S. Thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Barrett, T. A. 1997. Hormone induced ovulation of robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum). M.S. Thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Ruetz III, C. R. 1997. Swimming performance of larval and juvenile robust redhorse: implications for recruitment in the Oconee River, Georgia. Master of Science Thesis submitted to the University of Georgia. 63 pp.

Dissertations


Grabowski TB. 2006. Reproductive ecology and seasonal migrations of robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) in the Savannah River, South Carolina and Georgia. Ph.D. dissertation. Clemson University. Clemson, South Carolina, USA.

Books


Freeman, B. J., M. J. Harris, J. B. Jensen, J. C. Ozier, J. A. Payne, T. M. Schneider, E. J. Williams, B. Winn, and B. Zoodsma. 1999. Protected Animals of Georgia. 161-162.

Jenkins, R.E. and N. M. Burkhead. 1993. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. Page 1079.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. Page 432.

Eddy, S. and H. E. Jaques. 1957. How to Know the Freshwater Fishes. pp 64-73.



Media

Magazine Articles


Pusser, Todd. 2007. “In Search of the Robust Redhorse”. Wildlife in North Carolina, Volume 71, number 2.

Bryant, R.T., J.W. Evans, R.E. Jenkins and B.J. Freeman. 1996. "The Mystery Fish" Southern Wildlife, Volume 1, Number 2 (26 - 35).

Sawicki, Stephen. Winter 2002. "A Splashy Comeback" Animals (28 - 29). Archives (617) 541-5501.

Newspaper Articles


Carmichael, M. August 3, 2006. “Surviving with the Robust Redhorse” The Oconee Leader.

Carmichael, Margaret. August 10, 2006. “River Warriors Fight to Reestablish Mystery Fish” The Oconee Leader, Outdoors, page 20, 24 (www.macon.com/mld/telegraph/).

Minor, Elliott. May 9, 2006. “Revision of Protected Species in the Works” The Macon Telegraph, page B (www.macon.com/mld/telegraph/).

Duncan, Heather S. November 22, 2005. “A Change in the Tides: Wildlife Officials Increase Efforts to Save Rare Fish” The Macon Telegraph, page 1 (www.macon.com/mld/telegraph/).

Pavey, Robert. January 22, 2005. “Fish Returns to Native Waters” Augusta Chronicle (AugustaChronicle.com).

Outdoors Section. June 23, 2002. "Sucker Fish Being Restored to State" Atlanta Journal Constitution, D18 (ajc.com).

Pavey, Robert. May 31, 2002. "A Fish Tale" Augusta Chronicle (AugustaChronicle.com).

Howell, Isak. January 16, 2002. "At Last, a Fish Tale with a Happy Ending - for the Fish" Roanoke Times, page B1 (Roanoke.com).

Schwarzen, Christopher. January 12, 2002. “Officials Release Rare Fish Into Ocmulgee” The Macon Telegraph, page 1 (www.macon.com/mld/telegraph/).

Davis, Jingle. January 12, 2002. "Pact Puts Rare Fish Back in the Water" Atlanta Journal Constitution, (ajc.com).

Tursi, Frank. May 5, 2001. "A Rare Crimson Catch" Winston-Salem Journal, B1.

Peecher, Rob. February 24, 2000. “Robust Redhorse Gets Cooperative Giddyap” The Macon Telegraph, page 1 (www.macon.com/mld/telegraph/).

“Research on rare fish continues” The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution, July 26, 1999, page B4 (ajc.com).

"Biologists Hoping to Rejuvenate Rare Fish" Athens Banner-Herald, July 26, 1999, 3C.

“Bringing Back the Redhorse: Saving An Elusive Freshwater Fish From the Brink of Extinction is Exacting Work For A Team of Biologists” The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution, August 3, 1997, page G5 (ajc.com).

“Fish market Georgians with farm ponds or huge reservoirs stock them from the Walton Fish Hatchery” The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution, January 30, 1997, page R1, (ajc.com).

Williams, Audrey Y. August 19, 1996. “Monumental Effort Gives Robust Redhorse A Chance” The Macon Telegraph, page 1 (www.macon.com/mld/telegraph/).

“Back From the Brink: A rare fish may avoid extinction – and a political donnybrook” The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution, September 2, 1995, page F1, (ajc.com).

“Oconee may yield new species of fish: Biologists call it a type of redhorse” The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution, April 18, 1992, page E1, (ajc.com).

Press Releases


North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 2007. Robust redhorse fact sheet. www.ncwildlife.org

North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. September 9, 2005. “Solving the Robust Redhorse Mystery — One Fish at a Time”. www.ncwildlife.org

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Conservation profiles: Landowners help imperiled wildlife. "The saga of the robust redhorse."

North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. March 16, 2004. “Biologists Hope to Survive the Robust Redhorse Mystery”. www.ncwildlife.org.

Hill, R., N. Walsh, and A. Geter. January 15, 2002. Stocking Marks Reintroduction into Historic Range: Landmark Agreement Heralds Proactive Conservation of Rare Fish. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Southeast Region 4. (http://southeast.fws.gov/news/2002/r02-006.html).

Evans, J. W., C. Skelton, G. L. Looney, and M. Nichols. 2000. RRCC Biologists Aid Recovery of Rare Fish By Stocking in Oconee River. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Southeast Region. (http://southeast.fws.gov/news/2000/ga00-003.html).

Magni, PFC Frank. Spring 2000. “Fort Gordon helps Georgia protect rare local fish species”. (aec.army.mil/usaec/publicaffairs/).

MacKenzie, T. R. and D. M. Hawkins. August 24, 1998. Rare Fish, Once Thought To Be Extinct, Now Staging A Comeback. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service News Release #R98-076.